Extended Services

1

Developmental Learning
Areas Explained

Imitation: The ability to imitate sounds, words, body actions and actions with objects.

Perception: Visual and auditory functioning. Awareness of self and others in environment.

Matching and grouping : To discriminate and associate objects based on specific attributes

Fine Motor: Fine motor actions: point, pincer grip, wrist manipulation, 2 handed responses.

Fine motor activities : writing, threading, opening jars, drawing.

Gross Motor: Gross motor actions: walk, run, jump, hop, climb.

Gross motor activities: ball games, sport, riding a bike.

Receptive language: Understanding language concepts: verbs, emotions, prepositions, pronouns.

Following instructions: One step, multiple steps, group instructions.

Expressive language: Verbally requesting or responding.

Understanding language concepts PECS: exchanging a picture to request or respond.

Sign language : Performing a sign to request or respond.

Conversation: Initiating and responding to social questions ('What is your name?)'.

Initiating and reciprocating social statements/comments ('this is cool').

Comprehension : Understanding 'why' questions: When/ who/ where/ what/ why Play Skills:

Independent play, parallel play, turn taking, pretend play, games, rules, initiating play.

Academic: To teach prerequisite skills for entering and then attending school.

Behaviour Management: Functional Assessment Increase appropriate behavior, decrease inappropriate behavior.

Anxiety and frustration. Expressing Emotions. Proactive and Reactive Strategies.

2

Autism Spectrum Disorder Explained

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by:

A marked impairment in communication and social interaction :

  1. Delay or lack in the use and understanding expressive language.
  2. Limited receptive understanding of language Impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation.
  3. Stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language.
  4. Lack of spontaneous interaction.
  5. Lack of motivation and interest in sharing experiences with others.
  6. Lack of social understanding.
  7. Lack of emotional understanding Lack of varied and spontaneous play: Pretend play/ social play/ Joining play/ Initiating play.
  8. Failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level.

The presence of repetitive, challenging and self stimulatory behaviours :

  1. Stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest.
  2. Behaviours or activities that are abnormal in intensity or focus.
  3. Inflexibility to change.
  4. Difficulty transitioning.
  5. Adherence to specific, non-functional routines or rituals.
  6. Repetitive and stereotyped motor actions.
  7. Preoccupation with parts of objects.
  8. Short attention span.
  9. Poor motivation to learn and interact.
  10. Seek out or avoid certain sensory input.