Imitation: The ability to imitate sounds, words, body actions and actions with objects.
Perception: Visual and auditory functioning. Awareness of self and others in environment.
Matching and grouping : To discriminate and associate objects based on specific attributes
Fine Motor: Fine motor actions: point, pincer grip, wrist manipulation, 2 handed responses.
Fine motor activities : writing, threading, opening jars, drawing.
Gross Motor: Gross motor actions: walk, run, jump, hop, climb.
Gross motor activities: ball games, sport, riding a bike.
Receptive language: Understanding language concepts: verbs, emotions, prepositions, pronouns.
Following instructions: One step, multiple steps, group instructions.
Expressive language: Verbally requesting or responding.
Understanding language concepts PECS: exchanging a picture to request or respond.
Sign language : Performing a sign to request or respond.
Conversation: Initiating and responding to social questions (‘What is your name?)’.
Initiating and reciprocating social statements/comments (‘this is cool’).
Comprehension : Understanding ‘why’ questions: When/ who/ where/ what/ why Play Skills:
Independent play, parallel play, turn taking, pretend play, games, rules, initiating play.
Academic: To teach prerequisite skills for entering and then attending school.
Behaviour Management: Functional Assessment Increase appropriate behavior, decrease inappropriate behavior.
Anxiety and frustration. Expressing Emotions. Proactive and Reactive Strategies.
Autism Spectrum Disorder Explained
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by:
A marked impairment in communication and social interaction :
- Delay or lack in the use and understanding expressive language.
- Limited receptive understanding of language Impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation.
- Stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language.
- Lack of spontaneous interaction.
- Lack of motivation and interest in sharing experiences with others.
- Lack of social understanding.
- Lack of emotional understanding Lack of varied and spontaneous play: Pretend play/ social play/ Joining play/ Initiating play.
- Failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level.
The presence of repetitive, challenging and self stimulatory behaviours :
- Stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest.
- Behaviours or activities that are abnormal in intensity or focus.
- Inflexibility to change.
- Difficulty transitioning.
- Adherence to specific, non-functional routines or rituals.
- Repetitive and stereotyped motor actions.
- Preoccupation with parts of objects.
- Short attention span.
- Poor motivation to learn and interact.
- Seek out or avoid certain sensory input.